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Research, Teaching & Interests

+ Prof. Arwade selected as a Public Engagement Fellow at UMass Amherst for work on offshore wind energy
+ New research grants on deepwater morning systems for offshore wind and novel multiline anchors.
+New paper on wind turbine loads generated by hurricanes.


Research Group: 
Prof. Arwade,  Krishnaveni Balakrishnan (PhD), Fiona O’Donnell (PhD), Emma Brigham (BSE), Shenming Luo (Postdoc)
Alumni: Martha Harris (MSCE, 2020); Casey Fontana (PhD 2019); Spencer Hallowell (Postdoc 2019), Ning Luo (Postdoc 2019),  Ignacio Cetrangolo (MS), Rich Racz (MS), Hannah Johlas (BS), Wystan Carswell (PhD), Kai Wei (postdoc), Yibing Xiang (postdoc), Hernan Pinto (Postdoc, 2009-2010); Alireza Amini (Ph.D. 2012); Mohammadreza Moradi (Ph.D. 2011); Mohamad Krem (Ph.D. 2012); Brooks Smith (M.S. 2012); Sean Kelton (M.S. 2009); Patrick Veale (M.S. 2009); Russell Winans (M.S. 2008); Libin Tan (Ph.D. 2008, Johns Hopkins); Arghavan Louhghalam (M.S. 2007, Johns Hopkins); Xiulin Sun (M.C.E. 2005, Johns Hopkins); Mitesh Popat (M.S. 2004, Johns Hopkins);   

Research Interests (google scholar profile): Probabilistic mechanics; material mechanics; historic structures; structural reliability; computational solid mechanics; structural aspects of wind energy development, structural design of green buildings.

Research Projects:
18. Planning grant Engineering research center for offshore wind energy Center for Infrastructure resilience control innovation and transmission (NSF)
17. Collaborative research: GOALI: Novel and efficient seabed ring anchor for omnidirectional loading (NSF)
16. Innovative deep water mooring systems for floating wind farms (NOWRDC/DOE)
15. Establishing the low carbon energy transition in a changing climate network (World Universities Network)
14. Breaking wave loads on offshore wind turbines (BOEM, completed)
13. Development of a national offshore wind research agenda (MassCEC, completed)
12. Geospatial statistical modeling for efficiency and economy in site investigations and foundation design (MassCEC / BOEM, completed)
11. Cross-laminated Timber Panels from Low-value Northeastern Woods (NSF, completed)
10. GOALI/Collaborative Research: Efficient Multiline Mooring Systems for Floating Wind Turbines (NSF, MassCEC, completed)
9. Collaborative Research: Advancing the Dissemination of the Creative Art of Structural/Civil Engineering (NSF, completed)
GOALI/Collaborative Research: Advancing System Reliability with Application to Light-Framed Structures (NSF, completed)
Reliability-based Hurricane Risk Assessment for Offshore Wind Farms (NSF, current) with Andy Myers and Jerry Hajjar of Northeastern6. UMass wind energy IGERT (NSF, completed)
5. Reconfiguring steel structures: energy dissipation and buckling mitigation through the use of steel foams (NSF, completed)
Modeling the design limit states of structural composite lumber (NSF, current) 3. Adaptive use of historic truss bridges for civil engineering education (NSF, completed), press release
2. Preliminary experiments on the structural application of metal foam (UMass, completed)  
1. A framework for microstructural design using Bayesian classifiers (NSF, completed)

CEE 211/497P Perspective on the evolution of structures

Previous:  CEE 630 Advanced Solid Mechanics; CEE 397c Computational methods for civil and environmental engineers;  CEE/MIE 605 Finite Element AnalysisCEE 211 Perspectives on the Evolution of Structures; CEE 615 Probabilistic Methods in Structural Mechanics;  CEE 331 Structural Analysis;  CE 560.445 Advanced Structural Analysis; CE 560.729 Structural Mechanics; CE 560.141 Perspectives on the Evolution of Structures; CE 560.786 Structural ReliabilityCE 560.728 Stochastic Micromechanics; CEE 693B Seminar;   

Structural Art
A guide to the structures of Western Mass.
Stresses in deck-stiffened arches. notes, poster
Rubber bridge models. notes
Isler shell models
Isler-inspired ice shells
Online database of structures,
The solar chimney. Schlaich's conception, Enviromission, wikipedia entry

Journal Publications:

76. Bahmanzad A, Clouston PL, Schreyer A, Arwade SR “Shear properties of symmetric angle-ply cross-laminated timber (CLT) panels” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering (in press)

75. Qiao C, Myers AT, Arwade SR “Characteristics of hurricane-induced wind, wave, and storm surge maxima along the U.S. Atlantic coast” Renewable Energy (in press)

74. Bahmanzad A, Clouston PL, Arwade SR, Schreyer AC “Planar shear properties of Eastern Hemlock for Different Fiber Orientations” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering (in press)

73. Kapoor A, Ouakka S, Arwade SR, Lundquist JK, Lackner MA, Myers AT, Worsnop RP, Bryan GH“Hurricane eyewall winds and structural response of wind turbines” Wind Energy Science (in press) (pdf)

72. Kane B, Arwade SR “Quantifying tension and deflection in pre-tensioned speedlines carrying a load” Urban Forestry and Urban Greening (in press) (pdf)

71. Qiao C, Myers AT, Arwade SR “Validation and Uncertainty Quantification of Metocean Models for Assessing Risk” Wind Energy (in press) (pdf)

70. Fontana CM, Hallowell S, Myers AT, Arwade SR, Landon M, DeGroot DJ, Aubeny C “Spatial Coherence of Ocean Waves in Multiline Anchor Systems for Floating Offshore Wind Turbines” Ocean Engineering 184:59-73 (2019) (pdf)

69. Gusella F, Orlando M, Arwade SR, Peterman KD “Influence of mechanical and geometric uncertainty on rack connection structural response” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 153:343-355 (2019) (pdf)

68. Khoshbakt N, Couston PL, Arwade SR, Schreyer A “Evaluation of ASTM D5764 dowel connection tests for laminated veneer bamboo (LVB)” Journal of Testing and Evaluation 47(4) (2019) (pdf)

67. Song J, Sun Q, Luo S Arwade SR, Gerasimidis G, Guo Y, Zhang G “Compression behavior of individual thin-walled metallic hollow spheres with patterned distributions of microporosity” Materials Science and Engineering A 734:453-475 (2018) (pdf)

66. Fontana CM, Arwade SR, DeGroot DJ, Hallowell ST, Landon ME, Aubeny CP, Diaz BS, Myers AT, Hajjar JF, Ozmutlu S “Multiline anchor force dynamics in offshore wind farms with OC4 floating system” Wind Energy 21(11) (2018) (pdf)

65. Hallowell ST, Arwade SR, Fontana CM, DeGroot DJ, Aubeny CP, Diaz BS, Myers AT, Landon ME “System Reliability of Floating Offshore Wind Farms with Multiline Anchors” Ocean Engineering 160:94-104 (2018) (pdf)

64. Hallowell S, Myers AT, Arwade SR, Pang W, Rawal P, Hines EM, Hajjar JF, Qiao C, Valamanesh V, Wei K, Carswell W, Fontana CM “Hurricane Risk Assessment of Offshore Wind Turbines” Renewable Energy 125:234-249 (2018) (pdf)

63. Willis DJ , C Niezrecki, D Kuchma, EM Hines, SR Arwade, RJ Barthelmie, M DiPaola, PJ Drane, CJ Hansen, M Inalpolat, JH Mack, AT Myers, M Rotea “Wind Energy Research: State-of-the-Art and Future Research Directions” Renewable Energy 125:133-154 (2018) (pdf)

62. Cetrangolo I, Arwade SR, Kane B “An investigation of branch stresses induced by arboricultural operations” Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 30:124-131 (2018) (pdf)

61. Smith BH, Chatterjee A, Arwade SR, Moen CD, Schafer BW “System Reliability Benefits of Repetitive Framing in Cold-Formed Steel Floor Systems” Journal of Structural Engineering 144:(6):04018061 (2018) (pdf)

60. Khoshbakht N, Clouston PL, Arwade SR “Computational modeling of laminated veneer bamboo (LVB) dowel connections” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 30: (2017) (pdf)

59. Chatterjee A, Arwade SR, Schafer BW, Moen CD “System Reliability of Floor Diaphragms Framed from Cold-Formed Steel with Wood Sheathing” Journal of Structural Engineering 144: (2017) (pdf)

58. Alvarez J, Brea SF, Arwade SR “Nonlinear Backbone Modeling of Concrete Columns Retrofitted with Fiber-Reinforced Polymer or Steel Jackets” ACI Structural Journal 115:53-64 (2018) (pdf)

57. Bian G, Chatterjee A, Buonopane SG, Arwade SR, Moen CD, Schafer BW “Reliability of cold-formed steel framed shear walls as impacted by variability in fastener response” Engineering Structures 142:84-97 (2017) (pdf)

56. Wei K, Myers AT, Arwade SR “Dynamic Effects in the Response of Offshore Wind Turbines Supported by Jackets under Wave Loading” Engineering Structures 142:36-45 (2017) (pdf)

55. Amini A, Arwade SR, Clouston PL “Modeling the effect of void shapes on the compressive behavior of parallel strand lumber” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering (2017) (pdf)

54. Song J, Sun Q, Yang Z, Luo S, Xiao X, Arwade SR, Zhang G “Effects of microporosity on elasticity and yielding of the thin wall of metallic hollow spheres” Materials Science and Engineering A DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2017.01.105 (2017) (pdf)

53. Smith* BH, Arwade SR, Schafer BW, Moen CD “Design Capacity, Component and System Reliability in Cold Formed Steel Framed Buildings” Engineering Structures DOI:10.1016/j.engstruct.2016.08.049 (2016) (pdf)

52. Wei* K, Arwade SR, Myers AT, Hallowell S, Hajjar JF, Hines EM “Toward Performance-based Evaluation for Offshore Wind Turbine Jacket Support Structures” Renewable Energy 97:709-721 (2016, pdf)

51. Wei* K, Arwade SR, Myers AT, Valamanesh* V, Pang W “Effect of wind and wave directionality on the structural performance of offshore wind turbines supported by jackets during hurricanes” Wind Energy DOI: 10.1002/we.2006 (2016, pdf)

50. Carswell* W, Arwade SR, DeGroot DJ, Myers AT “Natural Frequency Degradation and Permanent Accumulated Rotation for Offshore Wind Turbine Monopiles in Clay” Renewable Energy 97:319-330 (2016, pdf)

49. Valamanesh* V, Myers AT, Arwade SR, Hajjar JF, Hines EM, Pang W “Wind-wave Prediction Equations for Probabilistic Offshore Hurricane Hazard Analysis” Natural Hazards DOI: 10.1007/s11069-016-2331-z (2016, pdf)

48. Stewart* GM, Lackner MA, Arwade SR, Hallowell* S, Myers AT “Statistical Estimation of Extreme Loads for the Design of Offshore Wind Turbines” Wind Engineering 39:629-650 (2015, pdf)

47. Fontana* CM, Carswell* W, Arwade SR, DeGroot DJ, Myers AT “Sensitivity of the dynamic response of monopile-supported offshore wind turbines to structural and foundation damping” Wind Engineering 39:609-627 (2015, pdf)

46. Arwade SR, Deodatis G, Teferra K “Variability response functions for apparent material properties” Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics 44:28-34 (2016, pdf)

45. Wei K, Arwade SR, Myers AT, Valamanesh V “Directional effects on the reliability of non-axisymmetric support structures for offshore wind turbines under extreme wind and wave loadings” Engineering Structures 106:68-79 (2016, pdf)

44. Myers AT, Arwade SR, Valamanesh* V, Hallowell* S “Strength, Stiffness, Resonance and the Design of Offshore Wind Turbine Monopiles” Engineering Structures 100:332-341 (2015, pdf)
43. Hallowell* S, Myers AT, Arwade SR “Variability of breaking wave characteristics and associated impact loads on offshore wind turbines supported by monopiles” Wind Energy DOI:10.1002/we.1833 (2015, pdf)
42. Valamanesh* V, Myers AT, Arwade SR “Multivariate Analysis of Extreme Metocean Conditions for Offshore Wind Turbines” Structural Safety 2015:60-69 DOI:10.1016/j.strusafe.2015.03.002 (2015, pdf)
41. Carswell* W, Johansson J, Lohvolt F, Arwade SR, Madshus C, DeGroot DJ, Myers AT “Foundation Damping and the Dynamics of Offshore Wind Turbine Monopiles” Renewable Energy 80:724-736 (2015, pdf)
40. Moradi* M, Arwade SR “Improving Buckling Response of the Square Steel Tube by Using Steel Foam” Structural Engineering and Mechanics 51:1017-1036 (2014) (

39. Wei K, Arwade SR, Myers AT “Incremental wind-wave analysis of the structural capacity of offshore wind turbine support structures under extreme loading” Engineering Structures 79:58-69 (2014)  (pdf)
38. Ciftci* C, Arwade SR, Kane B, Brena SF “An approach to fragility analysis for open-grown trees during wind storms ” Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics 37:41-50 (2014) (pdf)
37. Amini* A, Arwade SR, Clouston PL, Rattanaserikiat* S “Characterization and Probabilistic Modeling of the Mesostructure of Parallel Strand Lumber” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001116 (2014) (pdf)
36. Arwade SR, Gioffre M “Validity of stationary probabilistic models for wind speed records of varying duration” Renewable Energy 69:74-81 (2014) (pdf)
35. Yang* Z, Clouston PL, Arwade SR “Torsional Shear Strength and Size Effect in Eastern Species Laminated Veneer Lumber” ASTM Advances in Civil Engineering Materials DOI: 10.1520/ACEM20130108 (2014) (pdf)
34. Teferra K, Arwade SR, Deodatis G “Generalized variability response functions for two-dimensional elasticity problems” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering 272:121-137 (2014) (pdf)
33. Ciftci* C, Kane B, Brena SF, Arwade SR “Loss in moment capacity of tree stems induced by decay” Trees–Structure and Function 28:517-529 (2014) (pdf)
32. Carswell* W, Arwade SR, DeGroot DJ, Lackner MA “Soil-Structure Reliability of Offshore Wind Turbine Monopile Foundations” Wind Energy DOI: 10.1002/we.1710 (2014) (pdf)
31. Szyniszewski S, Smith* BH, Hajjar JF, Schafer BW, Arwade SR “The mechanical properties of a sintered, hollow sphere, steel foam” Materials & Design 54:1083-1094 (2013) (pdf)
30. Ciftci* C, Brena SF, Kane B, Arwade SR. Effects of Aerial Architecture on Dynamic Behavior of Trees: Understanding the Relationship between branches and stem. Trees DOI 10.1007/s00468-013-0867-z (2013) (pdf erratum)
29. Krem* M, Hoque ST, Arwade SR, Bren ̃a SF “Structural configuration and building energy performance.” Journal of Architectural Engineering 19:29-40 (2013) (pdf)
28. Smith* BH, Szyniszewski S, Hajjar JF, Schafer BW, Arwade SR “Characterization of steel foams for structural components.” Metals 2:399-410 doi:10.3390/met2040399 (2012) (pdf)
27. Teferra* K, Arwade SR, Deodatis G “Stochastic variability of effective properties via the generalized variability response function.” Computers and Structures 110-111:107-115 (2012) (pdf)
26. Moradi* M, Arwade SR, Schafer BW “Computational evaluation of limit states of thin-walled channels made from steel foam.” Thin Walled Structures 62:206-214 (2013) (pdf)
25. Smith* BH, Szyniszewski S, Hajjar JF, Schafer BW, Arwade SR “A review of steel foam processing, properties, and applications.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 71:1-10 (2012) (
24. Szyniszewski S, Smith* BH, Hajjar JF, Arwade SR, Schafer BW “Local buckling strength of steel foam sandwich panels.” Thin-Walled Structures 59:11-19 (2012) (
23. Mahdavi* M, Clouston PL, Arwade SR “A low-technology approach toward development of laminated bamboo lumber.” Construction and Building Materials 29:257-262 (2012) (
22. Pinto H, Arwade SR, Veale* P “Response of open cell aluminum foams to fully reversed cyclic loading.” ASCE Journal of Engineering Mechanics 137:911-918 (2012) (
21. Pinto H, Arwade SR “A statistical model for the fatigue life of aluminum closed cell foams.” Fatigue and Fracture in Engineering Materials and Structures DOI 10.1111/j.1460-2695.2011.01591.x (2011) (
20. Krupka* MT, Arwade SR, Clouston PL “Length effects in tensile strength in the orthogonal directions of structural composite lumber.” ASTM Journal of Testing and Evaluation 39: DOI 10.1520/JTE103261(2011) (
19. Arwade SR, Lackner M, Grigoriu M “Probabilistic models for wind turbine and wind farm performance.” Journal of Solar Energy Engineering 133:10.1115/1.4004273. (2011) (
18. Mahdavi* M, Clouston PL, Arwade SR "Development of laminated bamboo lumber: a review of processing, performance, and economical considerations." Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 23:1036-1042 (pdf)
17. Arwade SR, Deodatis G "Variability response functions for effective material properties." Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics 26:174-181 (2010) (pdf)
16. Kelton*, S. L., Arwade, S. R., Lutenegger, A. J. "Variability of the mechanical properties of wrought iron from historic American truss bridges." ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 23:638-647 (pdf
15. Arwade, S. R., Winans*, R., & Clouston, P. L. "Variability of the compressive strength of Parallel Strand Lumber." Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 136:405-412 (2010) (pdf)
14. Arwade, S. R., Moradi*, M., Louhghalam*, A. "Variance decomposition and global sensitivity  for structural systems," Engineering Structures 32:1-10 (2010) (pdf)
13. Louhghalam*, A, & Arwade, S. R. “Prediction of incipient damage sites in composites using classifiers.” International Journal of Damage Mechanics 19:233-260 (2010) (
12. Arwade, S. R., Clouston, P. L., & Winans*, R. “Measurement and stochastic computational modeling of the elastic properties of parallel strand lumber,” Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 135:897-905 (2009) (
11. Dorgan*, K. M., Arwade, S. R., & Jumars, P. A. “Worms as wedges: Effects of sediment mechanics on burrowing behavior.” Journal of Marine Research. 66:219-254 (2008) (
10. Arwade, S. R. & Popat*, M. “Statistics of simulated intergranular cracks.” Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics. Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics 24:117-127 (2009) (
9. Tan*, L. & Arwade, S. R. “Response classification of simple polycrystalline microstructures.” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 197:1397-1409 (2008) (
8. Dorgan*, K. M., Arwade, S. R., & Jumars, P. A. “Burrowing in marine muds by crack propagation: kinematics and forces.” Journal of Experimental Biology. 210(23):4198-4212 (2007) (
7. Liu*, H., Arwade, S. R., & Igusa, T. “Random composites classification and damage estimation using Bayesian classifiers.” ASCE Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 133(2):129-140 (2007) (
6. Arwade, S. R., Ariston*, L., & Lydigsen*, T. “Structural behavior of the Bollman truss bridge at Savage, Maryland.” Association for Preservation Technology Bul letin. 37(1):27-36 (2006) (
5. Ferrante*, F., Arwade, S. R., & Graham-Brady, L. “A non-stationary translation field model for composite microstructure.” Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics. 20(3):215-228 (2005) (
4. Arwade, S. R. “Translation vectors with non-identically distributed components.” Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics. 20(2):158-167 (2005) (
3. Arwade, S. R., & Grigoriu, M “Characterization and modelling of random polycrystalline microstructrues with application to intergranular fracture.” ASCE Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 130(9):997-1006 (2004) (
2. Arwade, S. R. & Grigoriu, M. “The ODF of kinematically determined planar polycrystals subject to random deformation.” Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics. 18(4):289-299 (2003) (
1. Grigoriu, M, Ditlevsen, O. & Arwade, S. R. “A Monte Carlo simulation model for stationary non-Gaussian processes.” Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics. 18(1): 87-95 (2003) (
* student co-author