MIE SPRING FACULTY NEWSLETTER
CONGRATULATIONS TO OUR JUNIOR FACULTY ON A TERRIFIC
David Schmidt has
been selected as an Office of Naval Research Young Investigator. This program is designed to attract young scientists
and engineers who show exceptional promise for outstanding teaching and research careers. We have been
informed that David was one of only 26 investigators selected
from a group of 260 applicants. He emerged successfully from
a very competitive pool because of his academic achievements,
his ability to contribute to the strength of the Nation's research
and development, and the commitment to him expressed by university
Brief description: All liquid fuel
is atomized prior to combustion in engines.
The engine depends on the right spray characteristics
to produce stable combustion with a minimum of pollution.
Unfortunately, current spray models may not have the
correct physics, have unknown limits of applicability, and contain
empirical constants. In the literature, one finds primary atomization
models based on the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability, Rayleigh-Taylor
instability, turbulent fluctuations, and analogies. The proposed
work will address the fundamental physics of spray flow without
relying on assumptions about instabilities. This project will use direct interface tracking to simulate the
evolution of liquid jets and sheets into drops. Direct interface tracking allows spray breakup to be studied, while
relying only on first principles.
At the completion of the project, the spray community
will have the ability to know, rather than to guess, how sprays
break up. The results will reveal high-speed atomization
processes in new detail. This
understanding will facilitate the simulation and production
of better atomizers for engine applications.
Ana Muriel has
been awarded the highly competitive, five-year CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation. “The Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program
is a Foundation-wide activity that offers the National Science
Foundation's most prestigious awards for new faculty members.
The CAREER program recognizes and supports the early career-development
activities of those teacher-scholars who are most likely to
become the academic leaders of the 21st century. CAREER awardees
are selected on the basis of creative career-development plans
that effectively integrate research and education within the
context of the mission of their organization. Such plans build
a firm foundation for a lifetime of integrated contributions
to research and education.”
Brief description: This
CAREER project focuses on the development of algorithms for
the effective integration of production, inventory, and distribution
in the supply chain, especially when mass production results
in lower production and transportation costs. The objective
is to reduce system-wide costs, make delivery times more reliable,
and provide better service to consumers. These algorithms will
be applied to real large-scale distribution systems accounting
for complexities such as uncertainty in demand, multiple methods
of transportation, and capacity constraints of the different
facilities and transportation modes. The CAREER award also has
a strong educational component. This will enable Muriel to develop
case studies in logistics and supply chain management for classroom
use. These case studies will provide students with data to allow
rigorous engineering analysis, while presenting real, unstructured
situations that require sound business assessment.
Blair Perot has
been named to receive the 2001-2002 College Outstanding Teacher Award. He was the unanimous choice of the College's nominating
committee. In addition, he has been selected as a Lilly Teaching Fellow for the 2002-2003 academic year. Only eight faculty
members across campus were awarded this fellowship from the
Center for Teaching. He has also received a STEMTEC faculty
fellowship for improving science and mathematics education and
completed construction of his 180-processor supercomputer, one
of the fastest in New England, achieving over 100 billion operations
Together with Profs. Hollot (ECE)
and Misra (CS, Columbia University), Yossi Chait has
been awarded an NSF grant to investigate control of networks
issues. And together with Profs. Djaferis and Hollot
(ECE) he was awarded an NSF-GOALI grant to continue their
work with Kollmorgen, a Northampton-based company.
research funding is up by 40% in FY02 to $1.4 million from $1
million in FY01. Jim Manwell’s renewables group brought
in $640,000 up from $536,000 in FY01.
Larry Amb’s Industrial Energy Efficiency program
and Charlie Curcija’s Building Energy Efficiency
Program received $365,000 and $265,000, respectively.
Eric Winkler’s Energy and Environmental Services Program
totaled $145,000 in FY02. CEERE’s funding over the past 5 years now exceeds
Awards and Distinctions
Don Fisher was recently
appointed to the Committee on Human Factors at the
National Academy of Sciences. The
Committee was established in October 1980 by the Commission
on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education of the National
Research Council. The
principal objectives of the committee are to provide new perspectives
on theoretical and methodological issues, to identify basic
research needed to expand and strengthen the scientific basis
of human factors, and to encourage the use of human factors
principles and practices in the development of products and
systems. Since its inception, the committee has issued
more than a twenty-five reports regarding human factors applications,
the state of knowledge, and research needs on topics deemed
important by the committee and its sponsors.
Stephen Malkin presented
an invited lecture entitled "Simulation, Optimization,
and Control of Grinding Processes" at McMaster University
in Hamilton, Ontario on April 23rd as part of the McMaster Manufacturing
Research Institute (MMRI) Distinguished Lecture Series. The
MMRI Distinguished Lecture Series was initiated this year to
expose and inspire the McMaster academic community and Canadian
Industry through presentations by leading edge manufacturing
of his sabbatical, Yossi
Chait was a Lady Davis Fellow at the Department
of Mechanical Engineering, Technion, Israel from Jan 15 to March
15, 2002. He lectured at the Technion, ME and ECE Departments,
Tel Aviv University, and Charlotte's Web Networks, Inc.
He was involved in research with a number of academics,
especially with Prof. Yoram Halevi on equilibrium of networks.
Results from this work are to be presented in the 2002
American Control Conference
and 2002 Conference on Decision and Control.
He is presently (until July 18) a visiting scholar at
the Institute of Measurement and Control, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland.
In this capacity he lectures weekly on Advanced design
of Feedback Systems (QFT).
New technical procedures,
developed by the Building Energy Efficiency Program
team at CEERE, lead by Dr. Charlie Curcija,
are incorporated into the new ISO FDIS 15099 and National
Fenestration Rating Council's NFRC 100-2002 standards.
This important milestone marks the beginning of the new
improved and more accurate window energy ratings in United States
and more importantly, fully harmonized with international standards.
Dr. Curcija has been recognized for his efforts in international
research collaboration by being named co-leader of Project A1
(Performance Assessment Procedures) of IEA Task 27, Performance
of Solar Facades. Dr. Curcija attended the IEA meeting in Copenhagen,
Denmark in the beginning of April.
John Wiley &
Sons has just published a textbook on wind turbine engineering
that was written by Jim Manwell, Jon McGowan and Tony Rogers.
Wind Energy Explained - Theory, Design and Application
is a textbook for senior and graduate level courses that covers
all aspects of the design and installation of modern wind turbines.
"Recent years have seen a growth in the
implementation and economic viability of wind energy technology.
This safe and abundant source of clean, renewable energy is
now making a significant contribution to electricity supplies
worldwide. Addressing the growing requirement for information
on the theory and practical application of wind technology,
Wind Energy Explained provides a thorough introduction to this
multi-disciplinary field.” The comprehensive coverage ranging
from wind turbine control and operation to system design and
public policy will appeal to engineering students from a variety
of backgrounds. Practitioners new to the field of renewable
energy will find this a valuable introduction to an emerging
Robert Gao is co-author (with David
Kazmer and their graduate students Li Zhang and Charles Theurer) of the paper "Design
of a Wireless Sensor for Injection Molding Cavity Pressure Measurement", which was presented at the annual ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress
and Exhibition in New York. The group also has two more
papers to be presented at the 30th
North American Manufacturing Research Conference (to be
held in May at Purdue University) and the IEEE
Sensors 2002, the first IEEE international conference on
sensors (June 12-14, Orlando). The papers are based on their NSF project "Self-Energized
Micro Sensors for Process Monitoring of Injection Molding''.
Furthermore, Professor Gao is co-author (with Kourosh
Danai and their graduate students Abhijit Suryavanshi and
Shengda Wang) of the paper "Condition
Monitoring of Helicopter Gearbox by Embedded Sensing", to be presented at the 58th Annual Forum and Technology Display
conference of the American Helicopter Society (AHS) in
Montreal in June. The work has been sponsored by NASA Glenn
Based on a collaborative
study with the sensor development group at NIST, Robert
Gao has co-authored a paper titled “Sensor Network and Information
Interoperability”, to be presented at the IEEE
Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference in
Anchorage in May, 2002. At the conference he will also present
another two papers, one of which co-authored with Sundar
Krishmanurty and their graduate student Rajesh Luharuka.
The paper is titled “A Microcontroller-Based Data Logger for
Physiological Sensing”, and describes their work in assistive technology.
Presence at conferences and other professional activities
presented two papers at the ASME Mechanical Engineering Congress
in November, entitled "Input Shaping in Injection Molding
by Reinforcement Learning," (Authors: Wang, F., Dong, S.,
Danai, K., and Kazmer, D.) and "Methodology for Continuous
Infeed Cylindrical Plunge Grinding," (Authors: Xu, H.,
K., and Malkin,
This spring CEERE
hosted a conference at Worcester Polytechnic Institute for the
Metal Processing Industry.
More that 80 attendees from industry, academia, trade
associations, Federal and State government participated in this
roundtable discussion. As
part of the USDOE funded Industries of the Future, the group
put together the foundation for a Massachusetts metal processing
industry technology roadmap.
Keynote addressed from Joe Goldstein, Paul Mikkola, and
Congressman Jim McGovern (Worcester) highlighted the event.
and Jim Manwell recently testified at the Massachusetts
Government Regulations Committee hearing on electricity deregulation.
State Representatives Gail Candaras and Dan Bosely (Chair)
hosted this “Cracker barrel” session.
CEERE presented the challenges being addressed through
its programs on industrial and building energy efficiency and
the efforts to grid connect additional renewable energy resources.
Staff at RERL
recently completed oversight on installation of a new 660 KW
wind turbine for the city of Hull.
Hull Power and Light received bid specifications for
a replacement turbine from RERL through the contract
service agreement between CEERE/RERL and the MA
Division of Energy Resources.
The Boston Globe reported resident’s satisfaction with
the turbine, which can be seen from downtown Boston.
RERL will continue to monitor performance
of the turbine for the town for the near term.
recently added two new professional staff to the program. Susan Guswa, PE has been hired to support the Energy and
Environmental Services Program, which delivers technical service
to State, Federal and private sector.
Sue comes from a design-engineering firm in the Bay area
and has extensive experience in infrastructure design and control
Kosanovic (UMass, 1995) has returned to CEERE to expand
the center’s technology transfer efforts and program development. Lisa worked in CEERE’s Industrial Assessment
Center in the 90’s and brings back to the program excellent
skills in process engineering and communications.
Cruz from the Department of Statistics of the Federal University
in Minas Gerai has been visiting with Professor Smith
this last year and they are jointly collaborating on a number
of new projects one of which has resulted in a new simulation
model for M/G/C/C/ state dependent queueing networks. Other
projects include a new algorithm for stochastic network analysis
of M/G/C/C queueing networks as well as the design and control
of these queues. This work is directly applicable to the design
and performance analysis of evacuation problems in high rise
buildings and other related heavily congested systems. Professor
Smith is also working with a new Ph.D. student, Alexander
Stepanov, who hails from Pskov, Russia, on vehicular traffic
flow models. Alexander is designing network algorithms for traffic
assignment, routing, and M/G/C/C stochastic network analysis.
Alexander is coupling his expertise in Geographical Information
Systems (GIS) together with this research on vehicular traffic
network flow algorithms. Mustafa Yuzukirmizi, a Ph.D student
from Turkey, is also working with Professor Smith on
the design and performance analysis of closed queueing network
models with finite buffers. These closed queueing network models
are very useful in manufacturing and service system applications.
Badri Toppur just recently finished his Ph.D. in February 2002
with Professor Smith on Three-dimensional Steiner Minimal trees
and Margaret Patterson is finishing up her Ph.D dissertation
on graph theoretic models for facility layout and location.
Shanti Nair will be presenting
a paper at the ASME turbo expo in Amsterdam June 3-7 on "Characterization
of the Cohesive Strengths of Environmental Barrier Coatings
to Ceramic Substrates using Compression Tests" co-authored
with researchers at UTRC (H. A. Eaton, E. Y. Sun and G. C. Ojard). The paper will be published in peer-reviewed
proceedings. Professor Nair
has filed two
patent applications on "EBC for Silicon Based Substrates Such as
Silicon Nitride" co-authored with H. A. Eaton and E. Y.
Sun and on "Toughened Environmental Barrier Coatins"
with H. A. Eaton, E. Y.Sun, G. C. Ojard and Y. A. Gowayed.
Graduate Student News
The Link Foundation
located at the University of Central Florida and dedicated to
the advancement of simulation and training technologies has
awarded a doctoral fellowship to Kim Hammel for
the upcoming academic year. The $25,000 fellowship includes salary as well funding to offset
equipment and publication costs incurred during future investigations
into driver distraction due to the introduction of advanced
technologies (telematics) in the automobile cockpit.
This promising new investigations are made possible via
the combination of advanced driving simulation and eye tracking
Rosa Motley was awarded a Doctoral Fellowship by the Northeast
Alliance. Currently, the per-mile
crash rate for older drivers is nearly as high as the rate for
teenagers, which presents a threat to the safety of the motoring
public. The number of older drivers will increase two-thirds
by year 2030, posing a greater threat to driver safety in the
future. Among other
risky situations, older adults are especially over-represented
in crashes at signalized left turn intersections.
It is hypothesized that older adults have such a high
crash rate because they drive less safely in high-risk scenarios
than younger adults. It is further hypothesized that older drivers
drive less safely because: (1) their functional field of view
(FFOV) is decreased due to their inability to pay attention
to central tasks and peripheral tasks simultaneously; and (2)
their cognitive processes and response times are reduced.
Two experiments on an advanced driving simulator have
been designed to test these hypotheses by evaluating the effects
of training and experience on older drivers’ behavior when presented
with risky traffic scenarios
Jiachuan Wang and
Naga Krothapalli were selected to attend the 1st Annual Doctoral Student
Colloquium at the IIE Solutions/IERC conference to be held in
May in Orlando.
Undergraduate Student News
K. Michael Taugher - won
the 2002 Senior Leadership Award from the University of Massachusetts. This award is a competitive university-wide
award that requires significant service, leadership, and academic
Suzanne Sposato will
be receiving the Hamilton Sundstrand - UnitedTechnologies Woman
in Engineering Award. Suzanne
has been the president of the Industrial Engineering Honor Society,
Alpha Pi Mu, this past year and holds an outstanding GPA as
an excellent student.
WHIZ KIDS: Michelle
Ingalls, a outstanding senior in our Mechanical
Engineering program with a GPA of 3.94, has been profiled in
the April 15-21 issue of “Mass High Tech” as part of a very
select crowd, the six top graduates (Whiz Kids) in New
And some of our outstanding undergraduate engineers
are also great athletes….
Brian Peterson, Jr.,
and Nathan Barr, So., undergraduates in our mechanical engineering program
that also find time to excel in men’s gymnastics and men’s skiing,
respectively, were named to the Athletic
Council Honor Roll for the 2001 Fall
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