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Lawrence Ambs
Erin Baker
Stephen de Bruyn Kops

Yossi Chait
Kourosh Danai
Abhijit Deshmukh
James A. Donovan
Donald Fisher
Robert Gao
Joseph Goldstein
Ian R. Grosse
Robert W. Hyers
Karl Jakus
Byung H. Kim
Sundar Krishnamurty
Stephen Malkin
Jon G. McGowan
Ana Muriel
Shantikumar Nair
Corrado Poli
Blair Perot
James R. Rinderle
Jonathan Rothstein
David P. Schmidt
J. MacGregor Smith
Janis Terpenny


Robert X. Gao



  • Ph.D., Technical University of Berlin, Germany, 1991
  • M.S., Technical University of Berlin, Germany, 1985
  • B.S., Central Academy of Arts and Design (former), Beijing, China, 1982

Research Interests:

  • Integrated sensing methodologies for the condition monitoring, health diagnosis, and remaining service life prognosis of manufacturing equipment;
  • Mechatronics, smart devices, structures and materials;
  • Energy-efficient sensor networks for coordination-based information acquisition;
  • Energy harvesting from the environment;
  • Multi-domain sensor signal processing;
  • Wireless data communication;
  • Biomechanics.

Research Labs:

Selected Publications:

    R. Gao and Z. Fan, “Architectural design of a sensory-node-controller for optimized energy utilization in sensor networks”, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 55, No. 2, pp. 415-428, April, 2006.

    L. Zhang, C. Theurer, R. Gao, and D. Kazmer, “Analytic wavelets for multiple ultrasonic pulses detection and differentiation”, ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Vol. 128, pp. 370-374, February, 2006.

  • R. Yan and R. Gao, “Harmonic wavelet packet transform: a new approach to machine condition monitoring and health evaluation”, Robotics and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 21, pp. 291-301, August, 2005.
  • R. Gao and Y. Cui, “Vibration-based sensor powering for manufacturing process monitoring”, Transactions of the North American Manufacturing Research Institution, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Vol. 33, pp. 335-342, May, 2005.

    R. Gao, C. Wang, and S. Sheng, “Sensor placement strategy for high quality sensing in machine health monitoring”, Smart Structures and Systems, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 121-140, April, 2005.

  • L. Zhang, C. Theurer, R. Gao, and D. Kazmer, "A self-energized sensor for wireless injection mold cavity pressure measurement: design and evaluation," ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, Vol. 126, pp. 309-318, June, 2004.
  • R. Yan and R. Gao, “Complexity as a measure for machine health evaluation”, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 1327-1334, August, 2004.
  • R. Gao and P. Huenerberg, “Design of a CDMA-based wireless data transmitter for embedded sensing”, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 1259-1265, December, 2002.
  • B. Holm-Hansen and R. Gao, "Vibration analysis for a sensor-integrated ball bearing”, ASME Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, Vol. 122, pp. 384-392, October, 2000.
  • B. Varghese, S. Pathare, R. Gao, C. Guo, and S. Malkin, "Development of a sensor-integrated 'Intelligent' grinding wheel for in-process monitoring", Annals of the CIRP, Vol. 49, pp. 231-234, January, 2000.

Honors and Awards:

  • Elected Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2006.
  • Associate Editor, ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control, 2005 – Present.
  • Associate Editor, Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2000 – Present.
  • Chairman, Sensors and Instrumentation Panel, ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Division, 2000 – 2003.
  • Chairman, Technical Committee on Built-in-Test and Self-Test, IEEE Society of Instrumentation and Measurement, 1999 – Present.
  • Senior Research Fellow, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2001 and 2003.
  • Named Adjunct Professor, Northeastern University, China, 2002.
  • Recipient of the CAREER Award, National Science Foundation, 1996.
  • Recipient of the Outstanding Junior Engineering Faculty Award, University of Massachusetts, 1999.
  • Faculty advisor and co-recipient of the inaugural Best Student Paper Award, SPIE International Symposium on Smart Structures and Materials, 1997.
  • Book Co-Editor, “Condition Monitoring and Control for Intelligent Manufacturing”, Springer-Verlag, ISBN 1-84628-268-3, 2006.
  • Guest Editor, IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Special Issue on Built-in-Test, published in June, 2005.
  • Guest Editor, ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Controls, Special Section on Sensors, published in June, 2004.
  • Conference Co-Chair, SPIE International Symposium on Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical and Aerospace Systems, San Diego, CA, 2005 and 2006.
  • Invited speaker for State-of-the-Art Lecture on Built-in-Test and Self-Test, IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technical Conference, Budapest, Hungary, 2001.

Contact Information:




Robert Gao

MIE Department

University of Massachusetts

160 Governors Dr., Elab Bldg.

Amherst, MA 01003-2210


(413) 545-0868


(413) 545-1027





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