The Arbella Insurance Human Performance Laboratory (HPL) is a multi-disciplinary research facility at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, based in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering.
Since the HPL’s founding in the 1980s, the lab’s research has focused on driver behavior and driver safety, and this research has contributed to the understanding of driving, and the identification of factors that:
increase the crash risk of novice and older drivers
impact the effectiveness of traffic signs, signals, and pavement markings
improve the interface of in-vehicle equipment such as forward collision warning systems, back over collision warning systems, and music retrieval systems, and
influence drivers’ understanding of advanced parking management systems, advanced traveler information systems, and dynamic message signs
The HPL has created PC-based programs to train drivers to anticipate potential roadway hazards, and to maintain their attention on the forward roadway.
The lab’s driving research is conducted using two state-of-the-art driving simulators, and simulator software, and equipment such as eye trackers, head trackers, and portable camera systems that can be used both in the lab and in the field. The lab’s main driving simulator purchased in 1994 in part with funds from the National Science Foundation, and was upgraded with new computers and new software in 2008.
A secondary area of research for the lab involves medical patient records and using eye trackers to understand patient identification systems and help reduce misidentification of patients and improve patient safety.
The HPL’s graduate students, at both the masters and doctoral level, form the nucleus of the lab’s research team, and work close with the lab’s affiliated faculty and researchers.
Close ties exist between the Human Factors and Ergonomics Program in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, the Cognitive Program in the Department of Psychology, the Transportation Engineering Program in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, and the University of Massachusetts Transportation Center. The lab’s research involves working with these and other University of Massachusetts departments, local, state, and federal agencies, as well as other public and private research sponsors.