Human Performance Laboratory - HPL

Sponsored by the Arbella Insurance Group Charitable Foundation

Research

Areas of Focus

Teenage Driver

Younger Drivers

Younger drivers, especially those below the age of eighteen, are at an increased risk of crashing. Our research has found that this is primarily due to the fact that younger drivers lack sufficient experience behind the wheel to reliably recognize potentially hazardous situations.

Older Driver

Older Drivers

Age-related declines in vision, physical abilities, psychomotor coordination, and cognition combine to make it less likely that older drivers will look for potential threats during a turn. The lab is especially interested in pursuing research on improving older driver performance through the development of customized feedback and remediation for older drivers.

Distractology 101

Training and Feedback

The HPL has developed several training programs aimed at improving the hazard anticipation, hazard mitigation, and attention maintance abilities. Our work on training younger drivers has been recognized with awards from various agencies and is the cornerstone for the Arbella Insurance Distractology 101 training program.

Roadway Design

Roadway Design

Using advanced simulation techniques, amongst other things, researchers at the HPL are able to estimate the effect of various roadway designs on driver behavior.

Distractology 101

Automation and Transfer of Control

The HPL has been studying how drivers’ situation awareness and their corresponding hazard mitigation ability changes as vehicles become more autonomous. Additionally, some of the HPL's research focuses on what happens when the level of autonomy changes from partially automated driving to manual driving and vice versa.

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Facilities

Tools of the Trade

High Fidelity Driving Simulator

High Fidelity Driving Simulator

Our high fidelity driving simulator (2015 Ford Fusion) allows us to examine a variety of driving scenarios under controlled conditions.

Portable Driving Simulator

Portable Driving Simulator

Our portable driving simulator allows us to demonstrate our research while traveling and connects with the high fidelity driving simulator for connected simulation research.

Instrumented Vehicle

Instrumented Vehicle

Coming soon: Our 2011 Subaru Forester allows us to examine driver performance while being driven on actual roads.

Eye Tracker

Eye Trackers

We have multiple eye trackers, which are used to record eye movements and study behavioral scanning patterns.

Oculus Rift

Virtual Reality Headsets

Our suite of head-mounted virtual reality headsets allow us to evaluate the safety benefits of various programs and scenarios through augmented reality.

Physiogical Monitoring

Physiological Monitoring

We have equipment to monitor physiological state, such as a person's heart rate, while they encouner challenging or demanding driving situations.

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Interested in Participating in a Study?

Contact us!

Location

Engineering Lab I, Room 110
UMass Amherst
Phone: 413-545-3393
Email: hpl@ecs.umass.edu

Click here for directions and a map!

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People

Staff affiliated with the HPL (in alphabetical order)

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Sponsors

Supporters of our Research

Thank You to all of our Supporters!

Some of our current sponsors include (in alphabetical order):

  • AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
  • Arbella Insurance Group Charitable Foundation
  • Department of Transportation
  • General Motors
  • Massachusetts Department of Transportation
  • National Cooperative Highway Research Program
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Science Foundation
  • New England Transportation Consortium
  • State Farm Insurance Company

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Our Legacy

Training Programs for Novice Drivers

FOCAL (FOcused Concentration and Attention Learning) was created to teach drivers how to reduce their glance durations to under two seconds while still performing secondary in-vehicle tasks accurately.

The RAPT (Risk Awareness and Perception Training) program trains younger, inexperienced drivers to anticipate potential hazards in different roadway scenarios and how they can adjust their driving style to become safer drivers.

FOCAL RAPT

Publications

Recent books and journal articles

Agrawal, R., Wright, T. J., Samuel, S., Zilberstein, S., & Fisher, D. L. (2017). Effects of a change in environment on the minimum time to situation awareness in transfer of control scenarios. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2663), 126-133.

Fournier, N., Christofa, E., & Knodler, M. A. (2017). A sinusoidal model for seasonal bicycle demand estimation. Transportation research part D: transport and environment, 50, 154-169.

Fournier, N., Christofa, E., & Knodler, M. A. (2017). A mixed methods investigation of bicycle exposure in crash rates. Accident Analysis & Prevention.

Fisher, D. L., Caird, J. L., Horrey, W. J., & Trick, Lana M. (Eds.). (2017). Handbook of Teen and Novice Drivers: Research, Practice, Policy, and Directions. CRC Press.

Fitzpatrick, C. D., Samuel, S., & Knodler Jr, M. A. (2017). The use of a driving simulator to determine how time pressures impact driver aggressiveness. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 108, 131-138.

Fitzpatrick, C. D., Rakasi, S., & Knodler, M. A. (2017). An investigation of the speeding-related crash designation through crash narrative reviews sampled via logistic regression. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 98, 57-63.

Lee, J., Roberts, S. C., Reimer, B., & Mehler, B. (2017). Does Order Matter? Investigating the Effect of Sequence on Glance Duration during On-road Driving. PLOS ONE, 12(2).

Park, H., Gao, S., & Samuel, S. (2017). Modeling effects of forward glance durations on latent hazard detection. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2663), 90-98.

Valdés, D., Colucci, B., Knodler, M., Fisher, D., Ruiz, B., Ruiz, J., ... & Hajiseyedjavadi, F. (2017). Comparative analysis of toll plaza safety features in Puerto Rico and Massachusetts with a driving simulator. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2663), 1-11.

Wright, T. J., Agrawal, R., Samuel, S., Wang, Y., Zilberstein, S., & Fisher, D. L. (2017). Effective cues for accelerating young drivers’ time to transfer control following a period of conditional automation. Accident Analysis & Prevention.

Wright, T. J., Agrawal, R., Samuel, S., Wang, Y., Zilberstein, S., & Fisher, D. L. (2017). Effects of alert cue specificity on situation awareness in transfer of control in Level 3 automation. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2663), 27-33.

Full List of Publications

Alumni

Select Alumni since 2015

Radhameris Gómez, Ph.D. in Transportation Engineering, 2017 (now at MA Department of Transportation)
Cole Fitzpatrick, Ph.D. in Transportation Engineering, 2017 (now at UMass Transportation Center)
Tingru (Lisa) Zhang, Post-Doc in Industrial Engineering, 2015-2017 (now at Shenzhen University)
Jared Young, M.S. in Industrial Engineering, 2017 (now at Volpe)
Sam Bernardon, Undergraduate Research Assistant, 2016-2017 (now at Stanford University)
Foroogh Hajiseyedjavadi, M.S. in Transportation Engineering, 2017 (currently pursuing PhD at UMass)
Cheryl Nicholas, Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering, 2016
Jennifer Coppola, Undergraduate Research Assistant, 2015-2016
Erin O’Neill, Undergraduate Research Assistant, 2015-2016
Bradley Kronick, Undergraduate Research Assistant, 2015-2016
Akhilesh Krishnan, M.S. in Industrial Engineering, 2015 (now at Tesla)
Craig Schneider, MS. In Transportation Engineering, 2015 (now at VHB)

Full List of Alumni

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